BMW

Motortechnik: Variable Ventilsteuerungen

Motortechnik Alles über variable Ventilsteuerungen

Ventile sind zum Gasaustausch in Viertaktmotoren unverzichtbar. Allerdings behindern feste Steuerzeiten die flexible Anpassung der Öffnungsintervalle. Die Lösung: variable Ventilsteuerungen.

Der Viertaktmotor ist noch lange nicht zu Ende entwickelt. Er birgt immer noch eine Menge Verbesserungspotenzial, egal ob selbst- oder fremdgezündet. Nicht zuletzt die stringenten Vorgaben der EU zur maximalen CO2-Emission zwingen die Hersteller, ihre Motoren immer sparsamer zu machen. Beim Ottomotor wird dazu eine "Entdrosselung" angestrebt. Die meisten Benziner – bei Sportwagen trifft das selten zu – wurden in den letzten Jahren ohnehin in ihrem Charakter von leistungsorientiert zu drehmomentorientiert verändert. Dies ermöglicht eine kraftstoffsparende Getriebeübersetzung mit einem lang übersetzten letzten Gang, was die Motordrehzahl und somit den Verbrauch senkt.

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