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TechnikProfi_2022_24_02_4 15 Bilder

Variable Ventilsteuerung und Zylinderabschaltung

Motorentechnik Variable Ventilsteuerung

Ventiltriebe mit statischen Steuerzeiten gibt es hauptsächlich in einfachen Pkw-Motoren. Viel besser sind aber variable Steuerzeiten und zusätzliche Zylinderabschaltung. Und davon gibt es unterschiedliche Systeme.

Den Zylindern des Verbrennungsmotors muss in präzise festgelegten Steuerzeiten Frischluft zugeführt werden, damit die Verbrennung wie gewünscht stattfinden kann. Danach müssen die verbrannten Gase abgeführt werden. Die Zu- und Abfuhr der Gase erfolgt beim Viertaktmotor über Ventile, beim Zweitakter über Schlitze und Kanäle im Zylinder. Geöffnet werden die Ventile durch Nockenwellen, geschlossen in der Regel durch Ventilfedern.

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