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TechnikProfi_2021_06_01_4 18 Bilder

So funktionieren umweltfreundliche CNG-Motoren

Motorentechnik Umweltfreundliche CNG-Motoren

Geringe Kohlendioxid Emissionen, wenig Feinstaub und beste Zukunftsfähigkeit – dennoch führt der Erdgasantrieb in Deutschland ein Schattendasein. Dabei ist die Technik auf einem alltagstauglichen Level angelangt. Wir erklären die Technik

CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) bedarf weder besonderer Raffinerieprozesse noch Additive, um in Fahrzeugmotoren als klopffester Kraftstoff eingesetzt zu werden. Wird Erdgas bei einer Temperatur von –163° C verflüssigt, lautet seine Bezeichnung LNG (Liquified Natural Gas). Weil Erdgas leichter ist als Luft, verflüchtigt es sich bei Undichtigkeiten tendenziell nach oben. Daher dürfen mit Erdgas betriebene Fahrzeuge grundsätzlich Tiefgaragen befahren. Gebräuchlich ist Erdgas bisher als Brennstoff für Industrie und private Haushalte. Es besteht größtenteils aus Methan mit Beimischungen von Propan, Butan, Helium und anderen Gasen. Es wird aus unterirdischen oder unterseeischen Lagerstätten gefördert.

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