TechnikProfi_2021_05_04_1 Bosch, VW
TechnikProfi_2021_05_04_1
TechnikProfi_2021_05_04_2
TechnikProfi_2021_05_04_3
TechnikProfi_2021_05_04_4 17 Bilder

Motorentechnik: Die Mono-Motronic

Motorentechnik Die Mono-Motronic

Die Gemischbildung hat eine lange Geschichte, die in vielen Schritten vom Vergaser zu elektrischen Mehrpunkt-Einspritzsystemen führte. Eine preisgünstige und effiziente Lösung war die in den 1990er Jahren verbreitete Mono-Motronic mit nur einer Einspritzdüse für alle vier Zylinder.

Im Zuge der immer stärker werdenden Abgasvorschriften, die von Otto-Pkw nur noch mit geregelten Dreiweg-Katalysatoren zu erfüllen waren, führte der Weg in den achtziger Jahren u.a. vorübergehend zum elektronischen Vergaser. Mechanisch geregelte Einspritzsysteme mit elektronisch gesteuerten Zusatzfunktionen (Bosch KE-Jetronic) wurden letztlich ebenfalls von den günstiger gewordenen elektronisch geregelten Einspritzanlagen abgelöst. Zudem können Einspritzsysteme nur Teilaufgaben der Motorsteuerung lösen. Ohne präzise Zündsysteme wurden Wirkungsgradpunkte verschenkt.

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