TechnikProfi_2016_04_01_1 Audi, BMW, Decoster, Ford, Toyota
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TechnikProfi_2016_04_01_4 16 Bilder

Mechanik und Hochvolttechnik in Hybridautos

Elektro- und Hybridantriebe Aufbau eines Hybridautos

Seit Toyota 1990 mit dem Prius das erste Hybridfahrzeug auf den Markt brachte hat sich in Sachen Hybridtechnik einiges getan. Mechanik und Hochvolttechnik ergänzen sich inzwischen ideal.

Hybrid kommt von lateinisch "hybrida" und bedeutet "Mischung/Kreuzung". Hybridfahrzeuge müssen laut einer Definition der UNO aus dem Jahr 2003 mit mindestens zwei Energieumwandlern und mindestens zwei Energiespeichersystemen ausgerüstet sein. Im Laufe der Jahre sind unterschiedliche Hybridkonzepte entstanden. Es gibt: Mikro-Hybrid, Mildhybrid, Voll-Hybrid und Plug-in-Hybrid. Diese Bezeichnungen werden eher im Verkauf für den Endkunden benutzt. Der Techniker klassifiziert die Hybridkonzepte eher nach der Art der Leistungsverteilung. In Konzept und Technologie unterscheiden sich die Hybrid-Lösungen vor allem durch die Art und Weise, wie die aus unterschiedlichen Energiespeichern bedienten Antriebsmotoren zusammenwirken – seriell, parallel oder leistungsverzweigt. Hybridfahrzeuge sind oft an Modellbezeichnungen wie HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) und PHEV (Plug-in-Hybrid Electric Vehicle) erkennbar.

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