TechnikProfi_2020_12_01_1 Audi, Auto-Innovations, Bosch, Chevrolet, Decoster, Kia, Tesla, Volkswagen, WWU/MEET
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TechnikProfi_2020_12_01_4 13 Bilder

Lithium-Ionen-Batterie-Technologie in Fahrzeugen

Batterie-Technologien Lithium-Ionen-Batterie-Technologie

Alle aktuellen Elektroautos ziehen, in unterschiedlicher Zusammensetzung, ihre Energie aus Lithium-Ionen-Batterien. Laptops, Smartphones und Kameras sind seit den 1990ern mit Li-Ionen-Akkus bestückt. Es gibt jedoch eine große Vielfalt und verschiedene Technologien, die hauptsächlich von der chemischen Zusammensetzung der Kathoden abhängen.

Lithium-Ionen-Batterien für Elektroautos unterteilen sich in vier Hauptvarianten: NMC (Lithium-Nickel-Mangan-Cobalt-Oxide), NCA (Lithium-Nickel-Cobalt-Aluminium-Oxid), LFP (Lithium-Eisen-Phosphat) und LiPo (Lithium-Metall-Polymer). Die Typen unterscheiden sich in der chemischen Zusammensetzung mit unterschiedlichen Alterungseigenschaften, Kapazitäten, ihrer Eignung für Hochleistungs-Schnellladung und unterschiedlichen Energie- und Leistungsdichten.

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