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TechnikProfi_2021_16_01_4 29 Bilder

Schaltgetriebe im Pkw

Getriebetechnologie Zahn um Zahn - Schaltgetriebe

Getriebe sind Drehzahl- und Drehmomentwandler. Ohne sie hätte der Verbrennungsmotor keine Chance, einen Pkw vernünftig anzutreiben. Manuelle Schaltgetriebe sind mechanische Meisterwerke, komplex, durchdacht und sehr haltbar.

Verbrennungsmotoren haben einen bauartbedingten Nachteil: Sie können nur in einem begrenzten Drehzahlbereich ein brauchbares Drehmoment und angemessene Leistung abgeben. Deshalb benötigen sie, im Gegensatz zur Dampfmaschine, ein Getriebe. Dabei ist die Bauart des Getriebes zunächst zweitrangig, wichtig ist die primäre Aufgabe, das Drehmoment und die Drehzahl so zu wandeln, dass ein Fahrzeug damit möglichst optimal fahren kann. Das gilt auch für E-Fahrzeuge. Man unterscheidet grundsätzlich folgende Getriebe:

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