Audi, Luk, VW ZF

Motorentechnik: Die Kupplung im Pkw

Getriebetechnologie Alles über Kupplungssysteme

Die Kupplung schafft den variablen Reibschluss zwischen Motor und manuellen Getrieben. Nur so ist verschleißarmes Schalten und komfortables Anfahren möglich.

Kupplungen stellen die Verbindung zwischen Kurbelwelle und Getriebe her. Sie ermöglichen das Schalten durch eine kurze Zugkraftunterbrechung, zudem weiches und ruckfreies Anfahren. Aber es gibt noch weitere Anforderungen an ein modernes Kupplungssystem. Beispielsweise wird die Kupplung durch das Motoren-Downsizing beim Anfahren stärker belastet. Die Nachteile des reduzierten Hubraums werden durch Aufladung kompensiert. Allerdings – und das wird häufig verschwiegen – ist die Leistungsentfaltung vor allem im leerlaufnahen Drehzahlbereich prinzipiell schlechter als mit einem größeren Motor, erst recht mit einem voluminösen Sechs- oder Achtzylinder. Die geringeren verfügbaren Motormomente im unteren Drehzahlbereich führen zu einer Anfahrschwäche, die der Fahrer durch Gasgeben während der Einkuppelphase ausgleichen muss.

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