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Antriebstechnik: Das Differenzialgetriebe mit Sperrfunktion

Getriebetechnik Differenzialgetriebe mit Sperrfunktion

Jeder Pkw benötigt ein Differenzialgetriebe, allradgetriebene sogar zwei oder drei. Aufbau und Funktion von Differenzialen sind einfach wie genial, können aber auch hochkomplex sein. Dabei gibt es diverse Lösungen.

Warum braucht ein Auto ein Differenzial? Die Erklärung ist einfach: Fährt ein Auto mit seinen vier Rädern durch eine Kurve, beschreibt jedes Rad einen anderen Radius, rollt auf einer jeweils anderen Kreisbahn um einen gedachten Mittelpunkt und legt so unterschiedliche Wege zurück. Ebenso erforderlich ist das Differenzial beim Überfahren von Unebenheiten, auch dann hat das Rad mit der Unebenheit (z. B. Schlagloch/Bodenwelle) einen längeren Weg zurückzulegen als das Rad ohne dieses Hindernis.

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